Collateral Consequences and the Preventive State
Collateral consequences are imposed as a measure of preventative risk management and should be regulated as such, rather than regulated as punishment. This article discusses the legal differences between punishment and preventative sanctions, pointing out that collateral consequences are framed and used to address the supposed risk of future crime, not respond to the crime that already took place. The author further points out that framing collateral consequences as punishment will do little to regulate or eradicate them, whereas framing them as preventative will allow for stronger regulation and scrutiny, to which most current collateral consequences would not hold up.
Mayson, S. G. (2015). Collateral Consequences and the Preventive State. Notre Dame Law Review, 91(1), 301–361. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2795559