Bad jobs and good workers: The hiring of ex-prisoners in a segmented economy
The most powerful factor in hiring for jobs at the bottom of the labor market is finding workers who are willing to do the work. These employers don't have the luxury of a huge labor pool from which to choose, so placing too much weight on "impulse to discriminate" doesn't make sense. Additionally, many of the employers interviewed in this study specifically do not want to discriminate. They empathize with the challenges faced by criminalized people and are against judging for past mistakes.
Bumiller, K. (2015). Bad jobs and good workers: The hiring of ex-prisoners in a segmented economy. Theoretical Criminology, 19(3), 336–354. https://doi.org/10.1177/1362480614557307
Open Access Source: https://booksc.org/book/37178428/cbd3c5