Structural Inequality and Social Support for Women Prisoners Released to Rural Communities

Reentry programs will not be successful unless they also address institutional and structural inequities making it easier for women to access the necessary resources to minimize marginalization, such as housing, transportation, education and trauma intervention. Critical Time Intervention, which deemphasizes personal responsibility and engages everyone (formerly/currently incarcerated, their families and social support systems, etc.) involved to enhance reentry processes, is one approach. Building from their 2011 article, "Pedagogy of individual choice and female inmate reentry in the U.S. Southwest", the authors add to their qualitative data to further examine the negative impact of ignoring structural and social injustices in reentry. Through interviews with formerly incarcerated women and the people they rely on for support, the authors provide concrete examples of why relying solely on individual responsibility in reentry is detrimental.


Willging, C. E., Nicdao, E. G., Trott, E. M., & Kellett, N. C. (2016). Structural Inequality and Social Support for Women Prisoners Released to Rural Communities. Women & Criminal Justice, 26(2), 145–164. https://doi.org/10.1080/08974454.2015.1067174

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Open Access Source: https://booksc.org/book/51481515/a6cab1